The first thing you need to consider is your garden space, naturally. How big is the area you can devote to cultivating herbs, and how do you envisage the herb garden in this area – raised bed, or laid beds, with a rockery designed around the plants?
You need to very early on consider the herb varieties you wish to gorw – as this will also determine how you lay out the garden – culinery herbs versus medicinal herbs for instance. And some are best used to decorate the garden, less for their edible qualities. Decide on the usefulness of each herb that you are planning to grow. And consider your local climatic conditions. Herbs are pretty delicate plants so plant them only if you think that the necessary weather conditions are suitable for them.
You also need to consider the best soil combination to use, how to prevent weeds (naturally is best), sun exposure and plant spacing. Herb plants are generally very easy to cultivate, if you are careful and attentive. Read up on the different varieties, and best treatment practices, as certain varieties need to be more carefullt watched, and some need to be controlled more, or they will end up taking over your garden (eg mint).
Use containers if you plan to grow herbs in pots, strategically placed around an area of your garden, or more likely where you are limited in space, and plan to grow herbs in your yard, for instance. Place together all the herbs that need similar soils and sun exposure in o few large pots, or pot each herb into individual small pots. I prefer the latter idea as it avoids the possibility of overcrowding, and until you are more familiar withthe growing patterns of each herb it is best to experiment a little at first. Some people make the mistake of planting herbs too close to each other. This will create competition between the herbs for space, and the weaker ones will get a beating. So while making your herb garden design plans, make sure that the plants are well spaced out.
Standard Outdoor Planting
Alternatively, you could plant the herbs outdoors. Allocate some space and design the herb garden. Again the same care needs to be taken. The sun and soil combinations for plants should be taken care of while planting the herbs. Most herbs are not averse to the sun and in fact thrive in good sunlight. Also make sure that you space the plants well so that they grow properly.
Decorative plantings look beautiful and give your home that ‘rolling-parkland’ kind of feel. This requres more planning and creativity. Firstly, you have to plan the whole project in advance. Look at other homes for ideas. Search the Internet and you will find some of the loveliest herb garden designs for your home. Chart out your garden first, before you go about the herb garden designs. See how best you can place the plants. Plan which ones will complement each other in color and size. Again, the main consideration to design a herb garden…spacing, spacing, spacing.
Check out the hugely informative growing herbs ebook for more information.